Idocs Guide to HTML

Is the P Endtag Required?

W3C says of </P>: "The end tag is optional as it can always be inferred by the parser." This means that a new <P ...> implies the end of the previous <P ...> (and any alignment set by the previous <P ...>).

Any other block level element, such as <HR ...> or <BLOCKQUOTE ...> should also end the paragraph. However, it doesn't always work out that way. Some browsers, for example, will right-align the text even after a table. In the following example, MSIE renders the "after the table" part as right aligned, while Netscape renders is as left aligned:

<P STYLE="text-align:right">
before the table

<TR> <TH>Dawn</TH>   <TD>1-2028</TD> </TR>
<TR> <TH>Mary K</TH> <TD>1-4952</TD> </TR>

after the table

Screen shot of MSIE's rendering of the example
MSIE's rendering
Screen shot of Netscape's rendering of the example
Netscape's rendering
If you set the alignment or other style property for a paragraph element it's best to use </P>. If you never use set any styles then you can generally ignore </P>.

See W3C's specs for paragraphs for more information on this topic.

Copyright 1997-2002 Idocs Inc. Content in this guide is offered freely to the public under the terms of the Open Content License and the Open Publication License. Contents may be redistributed or republished freely under these terms so long as credit to the original creator and contributors is maintained.